A degree thesis is not a theme, therefore it needs to be divided into chapters, paragraphs and subparagraphs to be presented at best. In each chapter, paragraph and subparagraph, there is a different argument (or an articulation of the same), and it is good that the division is done carefully.

Chapters, paragraphs and subparagraphs for the thesis
To expose your work in a more orderly manner it is advisable to subdivide the thesis into two or more chapters, without exaggerating: often stopping at three chapters is the best choice. In turn, the individual chapters of the thesis can be divided into several paragraphs if this is useful to better organize the discussion.

How and why to break down into chapters
The first thing to do when approaching a thesis is to sketch an index to present to the speaker. In drafting the thesis index it is indeed possible to begin to conceive the topic of the individual chapters and its function in the general economics of discourse.

In the preparation of the chapters it is good therefore to keep in mind that the last one will be that of the actual exposition of your “thesis” and that the previous chapters will serve to provide the argumentative, theoretical and contextual bases that led you to a certain conclusion. You must imagine bringing the reader “step by step” to your argument, providing him with the tools and knowledge necessary for him to be convinced of your “thesis”.

Once the chapter is finished, it is possible to further subdivide it into paragraphs and subparagraphs, to better organize the speech. If you feel that the chapters are excessively unbalanced, in terms of the number of pages, consider combining or separating them. The important thing is that the speech as a whole remains consistent.

Also remember that any statement you make in the thesis must be supported by reliable texts or sources that have provided a solid basis for your reasoning. If you have any doubts about how to set the chapters, do not hesitate to ask your supervisor for advice.

General advice on the internal subdivision of the thesis
The timing for the preparation of a chapter obviously varies according to the extent and availability of the sources. If you believe, you can agree with the speaker a timetable that allows you to arrive calmly on the delivery date.

It is good to remember that every time a chapter ends, it is advisable to give it to the speaker to receive suggestions and corrections. Some professors prefer a paper version of the chapter, others in digital. In both cases, it is good to re-read the chapter well to avoid misprints or grammatical errors, which can occur when parts of text are deleted, rewritten or moved, and present a clean and tidy layout, even if there will be time for the definitive one.

Optional sections: introduction, appendix, and thanks
It is possible, in some cases, if the type of thesis allows it, to insert some optional sections within the work. In particular:

Premise: precedes the introduction (and is generally shorter than the latter) and has the purpose of illustrating some criteria or methodologies used within the thesis

Appendix: placed after the bibliography, it can be used to include full texts that have been cited only partially in the text but which it is considered appropriate to make available to the reader in full. For example, if interviews were conducted during the work, extracts can be quoted in a chapter and a note can be written that the full version can be consulted in the appendix
Acknowledgments: if you believe it, you can insert some dedication or thank you lines before the index. Remember that, as an “anomalous” part of the text, they will probably be read by the professors in the graduation commission. So keep a balanced and formal tone.